The UN Climate Change Conference will begin in Glasgow

01.11.2021 | 17:09

Today, on 31 October, the 26th session of the Conference of the Parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP26) will begin in Glasgow. Representatives of nearly 200 countries will gather in Glasgow for two weeks to continue discussions on how to implement the climate agreement concluded in Paris six years ago and prevent the bleakest scenarios created by climate change.
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During the session, parties of the convention report on their climate goals, assess previous contributions and negotiate on the operating mechanisms of the Paris Agreement.

At the climate conference, Estonia and the EU will stand for making global climate measures more efficient. According to reports recently published by the UN and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), climate change has an increasing effect on the loss of biodiversity and the degradation of water sources and ecosystems, which is why quick and ambitious actions are required.

According to Minister of the Environment Tõnis Mölder, EU ministers of the environment agreed on the approach of the EU in these negotiations in Luxembourg on 6 October. ‘So far, global efforts to prevent increases in temperature have not been sufficient. In addition to the EU, other parties to the convention must also raise the bar of their national goals,’ Mölder emphasized, adding that climate change has a direct and existential effect on people and the living nature.

The COP negotiations will also focus on improving international cooperation to adapt to the already manifesting effects of climate change as well as to protect biodiversity and our own well-being. In addition, the financial resources required to implement the global climate policy need to be involved. Developed countries have promised to allocate at least 100 billion dollars every year starting from 2020 to fund climate-related activities. This objective must be reached to ensure that climate goals are met all over the world. It is also important to reach an agreement on the rules of the functioning of the Paris Agreement to make it functional and accelerate the measures for resolving the climate crisis through cooperation between governments, companies, and civil society.

In 2015, the countries of the world reached an agreement in Paris on a common goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to limit global warming to well below 2, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels. Since the conclusion of the Paris Agreement, work has been ongoing to create the regulatory framework for its implementation.

Ahead of the COP26, Estonia has increased its climate ambitions. Our goal is to achieve climate neutrality by 2050.

Prime Minister Kaja Kallas will be representing Estonia at the opening event of the climate conference for heads of state and government taking place on 1–2 November. During the second week of the conference, meetings of ministers will take place, at which the Minister of the Environment Tõnis Mölder will be representing Estonia.

Other COP26 events organized by Estonia:
3.15–3.45 p.m. on 2 November – ‘DEAL – Data for the Environment Alliance’ at the Nordic Pavilion. Opening speech by Prime Minister Kaja Kallas.
6.30–7.45 p.m. on 3 November – ‘Accelerating Implementation of the Paris Agreement: Ambition and Just Transitions’ at the UNFCCC Pavilion (co-organizers: Climate Strategies Institute, Asian Institute of Technology)
7–8 p.m. on 6 November – ‘Leading the way to carbon neutrality’ at the EU pavilion (co-organizers: SEI US, Confederation of Finnish Industries)

Program of the COP:

Program of the events in the public Green Zone:

Read more about the side-event organized by Estonia          
You can also find us on Twitter @MOEestonia #COP26EE

Agnes Aaslaid

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